Proportions of maps of the Middle East in the War Office numbered maps (1881-1895), based on A. Crispin Jewitt, Maps for Empire: The First 2000 Numbered War Office Maps 1881-1905 (London: British library, 1992). © Daniel Foliard.

Proportions of maps of the Middle East in the War Office numbered maps (1881-1895), based on A. Crispin Jewitt, Maps for Empire: The First 2000 Numbered War Office Maps 1881-1905 (London: British library, 1992). © Daniel Foliard.